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The Principle, Classification and Application of Industrial Touch Screen

Oct. 27, 2020

Principle and classification

A touch screen system generally includes two parts: a touch detection device and a touch screen controller. The touch detection device is installed in front of the display screen to detect the user's touch position, and then send it to the touch screen controller; the main function of the touch screen controller is to receive touch information from the touch point detection device, convert it into contact coordinates, and then send it For the CPU, it can receive commands sent by the CPU and execute them at the same time.

With the advancement of technology, touch screen technology has also experienced a gradual upgrade and development process from low-end to high-end. According to its working principle, it is generally divided into four categories: resistive touch screen, Capacitive Touch Screen, infrared touch screen and surface acoustic wave touch screen.

Application occasion

According to the analysis of the structure, principle and performance characteristics of the touch screen, the applicable occasions of different touch screens are as follows.

Four-wire resistive touch screen: It is not afraid of dust, oil, and photoelectric interference. The main defect is the fear of scratches. It is suitable for public places with fixed users, such as industrial control sites, offices, homes, etc.

Five-wire Resistive Touch Screen: excellent sensitivity and light transmittance, long service life, not afraid of dust, oil and photoelectric interference, suitable for all kinds of public places, especially for precision industrial control sites.

Capacitive sensing touch screen: Since the capacitance changes with temperature, humidity or grounding conditions, its stability is poor and it tends to drift. Afraid of electromagnetic field interference and drift, it is not easy to use in industrial control places and places with interference. It can be used for public information query that requires less precision; it needs frequent calibration and positioning.

Infrared induction touch screen: low resolution, but not interfered by current, voltage and static electricity, suitable for some harsh environmental conditions; suitable for all kinds of public places, offices without infrared and strong light interference, and industrial control that does not require very precise on site.

Surface acoustic wave touch screen: pure glass material, best light transmission, long service life, good scratch resistance, suitable for various public places with unknown users. But it is afraid of long-term accumulation of dust and oil contamination, so it is better to use it in a clean environment. Otherwise, regular cleaning services are required.

Resistive Touch Screen

Resistive Touch Screen

development trend

Touch screen technology facilitates people's operation and use of computers, and is a very promising interactive input technology. Countries all over the world generally pay attention to this and invest a lot of manpower and material resources in research and development, and new Touch Screens are constantly emerging.

Touch pen: The touch screen operated by the touch pen is similar to a whiteboard. In addition to the display interface, windows, and icons, the touch pen also has the functions of signing and marking. This kind of touch pen is much more powerful than the earlier light pen that only provides a selection menu.

Touchpad: The touchpad uses pressure-sensitive capacitive touch technology with the largest screen area. It consists of three parts: the bottom layer is the central sensor, which is used to monitor whether the touchpad is touched, and then process the information. The middle layer provides interactive graphics, text, etc., and the outermost layer is the touch surface layer with high intensity Made of plastic materials. When a finger touches the outer surface, this information can be sent to the sensor and logged in within one thousandth of a second. In addition to being compatible with PCs, it also has the characteristics of high brightness, clear images, and easy interaction. Therefore, it has been applied to pointing information query systems (such as electronic bulletin boards) and has received very good results.

In short, the development of touch screens presents trends such as specialization, multimedia, three-dimensional and large screens. With the development of the information society, people need to obtain all kinds of public information. The public information transmission system with touch screen technology as the interactive window adopts advanced computer technology and uses text, image, music, commentary, animation, video and other forms to intuitively and vividly introduce various information to people and bring them to life. It's a great convenience. It is foreseeable that with the rapid development of touch screen technology, the application field of touch screen will become wider and wider, and the performance will be better and better.

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